Silver Fox Antiques

Unique Original & Restored Silver Antiques

Available for purchase online from Unique Art Online


History Reflected in Silver

 

 

 

English Silver

British Monarchs
William IV 1765- 1837, reigned 1830 - 1837
Queen Victoria 1819 - 1901, reigned 1838  - 1901
William VII 1841-1910, reigned 1901 - 1919
George V 1865 - 1936, reigned 1910 -1936
Edward VIII 1894 - 1972, reigned 1936
George VI 1895 - 1952, reigned 1936- 1952

English MARKS
From-1784 - 1890, five marks will be found
  Town, Maker, Date, Sterling, Duty
From 1891 four marks (Duty mark absent)
Hallmarks
  King's mark (Town mark)
  Leopard head introduced 1300:
     Uncrowned 1300-1478, 1821 - present
     Crowned 1478 - 1821
     Recognized as London's Mark 1550s
       (See townmarks)
  Maker's mark introduced 1363
  Date Letter introduced 1478
  Lion passant (Sterling Lion) (Waving Lion)
     Lion's head looking at you 1544 - 1821
     Lion's head looking left 1821 -
     Lion's head erased 1697 - 1975 (Britannia Standard)
      Edinburgh uses a lion rampart
London, Birmingham and Sheffield use a lion passant
Duty Marks 1784 - 1890
  Monarch's head in profile
   George III 1784 - 1785 (Looking left)
   George III 1785 - 1820 (Looking right)
   Queen Victoria 1837 - 1890
Commemorative Marks (voluntary)
  Silver Jubilee of George V & Queen Mary 1934 - 1935
  Coronation of Queen Elizabeth 1952 - 1953
  Silver Jubilee of Queen Elizabeth's II accession 1977 - 1978
Standing Britannia (for export silver) 1784

Foreign Origin Mark
  Capital F within an oval escutcheon 1863 - 1904
  Silver imported into United Kingdom marked with fineness in a horizontal oval - 1904

SELECT ASSAY OFFICES
Birmingham 1773 - Present (Vertical Anchor accompanied by a Lion Passant)
Chester 1685-1962 (Shield with 3 Wheat Sheaves 1779 - 1962)
Dublin 1637- Present (Harp Crowned, Hibernia: Seated Female With Harp & Wheat Added 1730)
Edinburgh 1485 - Present (Three Tower Castle; Thistle Hallmark for silver 1759-1975)
Exeter 1701-1883 (Three-tower Turreted Castle; Before 1701 "X" in a Round Shield)
Glasgow 1819-1964 (Tree, Fish, and Bell; 1914 Thistle Mark Added)
London 1544-Present (Leopard's Head Crowned; Beginning 1821 leopard's head uncrowned)
Newcastle 1702 - 1884 (3 Separate Castles)
Norwich 1565-1697 (Castle + Lion Passant 1565-1575, Crown Rose 1581, Rose Sprig 1643-88)
Sheffield 1773-Present (Crown, Crown Upside Down 1815 - 1819; Date Letters Added 1773)
York 1559 - 1856 (Greek Cross with 5 lions 1778-1856)

ENGLISH SILVERSMITHS

SHEFFIELD ENGLAND

James Dixon (1776-1852) worked as James Dixon 1806-1811
Dixon and Smith 1811-1822 - Britannia metal wares in great quantities
Dixon and Son (James Dixon & Son) 1822 - 1835
Began making Sheffield plate 1829
James Dixon and Sons 1835 - 1921
Electroplated wares began being produced 1849, Britannia metal used as base
Word "Sheffield" added to firms' marks on these items 1851
James Dixon and Spoons Ltd. 1921 -
Pieces were never dated, pattern numbers available,
A trumpet trademark used on some pieces

BIRMINGHAM ENGLAND

G R & H Elkington 1830 - 1842
Credited with invention of electoplating late 1830s
Elkington, Mason & Co. 1842 - 1856
Elkington & Co. 1856 - 1963
Merged to become founding firm of British Silverware Ltd.
Date marks available beginning in 1840s

 

 

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